Hemorrhoids May Bleed, But They Are Treatable
Many people think that hemorrhoids are
only affect older people, or pregnant women. In fact, more than half of
all Americans over age 30 will develop hemorrhoids at some time in
their lives. Hemorrhoids are also a common problem for people with IBS
or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who suffer with diarrhea and/or
constipation. The good news is that hemorrhoids are very treatable.
What Is a Hemorrhoid?
A hemorrhoid is actually a form of
veins in and around the rectum and anus become swollen. The two forms
of hemorrhoids are internal and external.
hemorrhoid is inside the rectum. Internal hemorrhoids usually don't
cause pain, but may bleed and rarely protrude from the anus during
bowel movements. An internal hemorrhoid may prolapse, or extend outside
the anus and be quite painful.
hemorrhoid is located around the anus and when inflamed feels like a
hard lump. They are covered by skin, are very sensitive to touch, and
can bleed, especially while straining during a hard bowel movement.
What Are the Symptoms?
Symptoms of hemorrhoids include:
- Anal itching
during bowel movements (often bright
the paper or on the outside of the stool)
during bowel movements
lumps around the anus
What Causes Hemorrhoids?
A variety of reasons may contribute to
of hemorrhoids. Some of these include:
during bowel movements
- Overuse of
How Are Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?
Because the symptoms of hemorrhoids are
of an anal fissure, a fistula, or an abscess, it is important to be
seen by a physician and be diagnosed. However, many people suffer from
their hemorrhoids and treat them with over-the-counter medications
without ever talking to their doctor. Rectal bleeding should always be
checked out by a doctor, even if it is suspected to be from a
To diagnose hemorrhoids, a physician
will need to
examine the anal area. Patients may be asked to remove clothing from
the waist down, change into a hospital gown and lie on one side on an
examination table. The physician will examine around the anus and
rectum. A doctor may also perform a quick rectal exam with a gloved and
lubricated finger. This may be painful for a moment if external
hemorrhoids are present, but is helpful in making a correct diagnosis.
In some cases, the physician may need
to take a
look at the area with an anoscope. An anoscope is a small tube with a
light that when inserted into the rectum can help the physician see any
What Is the Treatment?
hemorrhoids are considered mild, and symptoms are often relieved by a
few changes in diet and lifestyle. One goal of treatment is to ensure
that stool should is soft and easily passed. Increasing fiber in the
diet will help stool to be more easily passed without straining.
Drinking more water will help to prevent constipation and hard,
difficult to pass stools.
For people with IBS, soluble fiber
psyllium husks, etc.) is often better tolerated than insoluble fiber
(wheat bran, whole grains, cereals, seeds, etc.). People with IBD who
are following a low-fiber diet on the advice of a physician will want
to talk to their doctor before adding fiber to the diet. In both IBS
and IBD, treating the underlying symptoms of constipation and diarrhea
will help the hemorrhoids to heal more rapidly.
Keeping the anal area clean is also
recovery. Sitz baths (sitting in warm water) relieves symptoms and can
be taken either in the bathtub or with a store-bought plastic seat that
fits over the toilet bowl. Over-the-counter wipes for hemorrhoids may
also be helpful as they contain witch hazel, which is a natural
Creams, gels, and suppositories that
are also sold
over-the-counter may help reduce swelling and provide relief from
symptoms. A diagnosing physician may provide a prescription for
stronger medications to relieve symptoms.
With proper treatment, hemorrhoids may
over a few days to a week. In four to six weeks, the 'lump' from an
external hemorrhoid should decrease in size.
hemorrhoids become persistent or very painful, other hemorrhoid treatment
necessary. Most of these treatments have complications, and most
doctors try to avoid them, and use them only as a last resort.
used on clotted external hemorrhoids is minor surgery and is usually
done under local anesthetic in a physician\'s office. A small incision
is made and the clot is lifted out.
band ligation. This
treatment is often used for internal hemorrhoids that extend beyond the
anus during bowel movements. A small rubber band is positioned around
the hemorrhoid, which effectively cuts off its blood supply. The band
and the hemorrhoid tissue will be discharged in a few days and heal
over a period of one to two weeks.
(injection therapy). This
procedure may be used on small internal hemorrhoids. A hardening agent
is injected into the hemorrhoid, resulting in a loss of circulation
that causes the hemorrhoid to shrivel.
light is aimed at the base of the hemorrhoid, causing it to clot, then
shrivel and finally recede.
procedure, the hemorrhoid (the tissue that is bleeding or protruding
from the anus) is surgically removed under local anesthesia. A recovery
period and hospitalization may occasionally be necessary. It may be
used when external hemorrhoids clot repeatedly, the ligation procedure
is not successful, a protruding hemorrhoid is not responding to
treatment, or there is ongoing bleeding.
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About the Author
This author writes about H Miracle
Your Hemorrhoids Center